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Revelation 13:11-18 Who does the beast from the earth represent?

Rev 13:11. Then I saw another beast coming up out of the earth, and he had horns like a lamb and spoke like a dragon.

The first beast in Rev 13:1 came out of the sea meaning many peoples, nations and languages and that would mean populated Europe during the Middle Ages. The second beast in Rev 13:11. Came out of the earth. Again, this beast is a super world empire just like all the other beasts in prophecy.

What does the earth mean in symbolic language in the book of Revelation?

Rev 12:15.16. So the serpent spewed water out of his mouth like a flood after the woman, that he might cause her to be carried away by the flood. But the earth helped the woman, and the earth opened its mouth and swallowed up the flood which the dragon had spewed out of his mouth.

The woman represents the pure church of believers during the Middle Ages. The serpent represents Satan Rev 12:9. The flood from Satan represents persecution. Psalm 18:4. Dan 11:22. So when the earth opened its mouth, the believers escaped from the persecutions. The reformers travelled to England, Holland and then to North America to escape persecution from the papacy. In North America, there was no persecution from the papacy. Earth in symbolic language represents North America, which was depopulated at the time. Therefore, sea represents an area of many people and the earth represents land with hardly any people. A beast represents a super empire along with the other beast as we have studied.

Which land started around the end of the Middle Ages in the late   1700´s and around the time of the French Revolution? The United States of America started as a new nation around this time. This is the new earth, the new world, where the reformers travelled to in escaping persecution.

This beast had two horns like a lamb, but they had no crowns on their heads like the sea beast which had ten crowns. Crowns on heads represent kingly authority. The absence of crowns on the lamb like horns reveal that this super power has no kingly authority. OK! Horns in prophecy represent political and religious powers combined. What became the fundamental principles of this new nation USA? Republicanism and Protestantism with no kingly authority. These became the guiding principles of this nation where all reformers travelled to, to escape persecution, to a safe haven.

These horns were like a lamb. What does lamb mean in prophetical language? John the Baptist pointed to Jesus at the river Jordan and said Behold! The Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world! Joh 1:29. Rev 12:11. The lamb refers to Jesus Christ.  The beast spoke like a dragon. Who does the dragon represent in the book of Revelation? Satan or the devil. Rev 12:9.

So we have a nation here, the United States of America who has built its principles on the Bible and looks like a Christian nation, however it speaks like a dragon and that is Satan. When a nation speaks like a Dragon, then that can only mean one thing, and that is persecution of the saints again like in Rev 12: This prophecy is yet in the future. But when the nation turns away from God and the principles outlined in the Bible; then they begin to persecute the saints, those who keep the commandments of God and the faith of Jesus, then we will know that the nation will speak like the Dragon: Satan.

Who is the False Prophet in Rev 19:20?

This nation of Protestants in the USA, is also known as the false prophet in the book of Revelation.

The word false prophet in the Greek is “pseudoprophaitais”.

A short word study on the words false prophet in the New Testament.

Rev 16:13. I saw three unclean spirits like frogs coming out of the mouth of the dragon, out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet. (This is under the sixth plague in Rev 16:).

Rev 19:20. Then the beast was captured, and with him the false prophet who worked signs and miracles in his presence, by which he deceived those who received the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image. These two were cast alive into the lake of fire burning with brimstone. (This false prophet is referring to the beast with the lamb like horns in Rev 13:11-18 who deceives people with signs and miracles. This false prophet is the USA according to our study on Rev 13:11-18).

Rev 20:10. The devil who deceived them, was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone where the beast and the false prophet are. And they will be tormented day and night forever and ever.

2 Pet 2.1. But there were also false prophets among the people, even as there will be false teachers among you, who will secretly bring in destructive heresies , even denying the Lord who bought them, and bring on themselves swift destruction.

Acts 13:6. Now when they had gone through the island to Paphos, they found a certain sorcerer, a false prophet, a Jew whose name was Bar-Jesus.

Math 7:15. Beware of false prophets, who come to you in sheep´s clothing, but inwardly they are ravenous wolves. Verse 16. You will know them by their fruits. (These false prophets can also be churches)

Mat 24:11. Then many false prophets will rise up and deceive many. (False prophets can also mean churches).

Mat 24:24. For false Christ’s and false prophets will rise and show great signs and wonders to deceive, if possible the elect (Elect are Christians).


A false prophet can be a man or a woman, or an institution like a church denomination. It can also be a nation like the USA. The false prophet in Rev 13:11-18 is the USA and works together with the beast in Rev 13:1-10, which represents the Roman Catholic Church system. The false prophet, the beast and the devil will share the same destiny in eternal fire. False prophets will be found among God´s people in the church worldwide. False prophets can make sorcery and miracles to deceive God´s people. False prophets can be known by their fruits, and that is they do not believe in the whole Bible and keep the commandments of God. False prophets will do signs and wonders to deceive God´s people in the church.

Rev 13:12. And he exercises all the authority of the first beast in his presence, and causes the earth and those who dwell in it to worship the first beast, whose deadly wound was healed.

This prophecy is yet to be fulfilled in the future. The USA will exercise the same authority as the first beast, which is the Roman Catholic Church system with the papacy, and Jesuits in control and running this vast world organization. When Rev 13: talks about authority, we have learned that the authority comes first from Satan, and then was transferred over to the Roman Catholic Church system, and further continued with the USA. What does this authority involve? To establish the rights of worship in the land of the USA. This prophecy is yet in the future and can foresee a law of the land being enforced, thus taking away the free democratic rights of worship, and enforcing the worship of the first beast, which is the Roman Catholic Church system in the USA.

Rev 13:13.14. He performs great signs, so that he even makes fire come down from heaven on the earth in the sight of men. And he deceives those who dwell on the earth by those signs which he was granted to do in the sight of the beast, telling those who dwell on the earth to make an image to the beast who was wounded by the sword and lived.

What do signs mean in Revelation?

We shall do a short word study on the word signs, which is “seimion” in the Greek.

Mat 24:24 For false Christs and false prophets will rise and show great signs and wonders to deceive, if possible, even the elect (The signs her are related to false prophets which can mean one person or a church who try to deceive true Christian believers).

2 Thess 2:9 The coming of the lawless one is according to the working of Satan, with all power, signs and lying wonders. Verse 10. And with all unrighteous deception among those who perish, because they did not receive the love of the truth, that they might be saved. (The signs are related to the Roman Catholic Church in this text: they have healing signs at Lourdes in France, and healing plus speaking in tongues amongst their charismatic members).

Rev 16:14 For they are spirits of demons, performing signs/miracles, which go out to the kings of the earth and the whole world, to gather them to the battle of the great day of God Almighty (These spirits convince the kings of the earth through signs to go into battle against God).

Ex 7:9 When Pharaoh speaks to you, saying, show a miracle for yourself, then you shall say to Aaron, “Take your rod and cast it before Pharaoh, and let it become a serpent.” Verse 11. But Pharaoh also called the wise men and the sorcerers; so the magicians of Egypt, they also did in like manner with their enchantments.

Ex 7:19 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, “Say to Aaron, “Take your rod and stretch out your hand over the waters of Egypt, over their streams, over their rivers, over their ponds, and over all their pools of water, that they may become blood. And there shall be blood throughout all the land of Egypt, both in buckets of wood and in pitchers of stone. Verse 22. Then the magicians of Egypt did so with their enchantments – – -.

Ex 8:5 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, “Say to Aaron, “Stretch out your hand with your rod over the streams, over the rivers, and over the ponds, and cause frogs to come up on the land of Egypt. Verse 7. And the magicians did so with their enchantments, and brought up frogs on the land of Egypt.

Ex 8:18.19. Now the magicians so worked with their enchantments to bring forth lice, but they could not. Then the magicians said to Pharaoh, “This is the finger of God.”

Ex 4:8 (Plagues of Egypt) Then it will be, if they do not believe you, nor heed the message of the first sign, that they may believe the message of the latter sign. Verse 9. And it will be, if they do not believe even these two signs, or listen to your voice – – -.

Ex 4:17 And you shall take this rod in your hand, with which you shall do the signs.

Ex 7:3 And I will harden Pharaoh´s heart, and multiply my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt.

Joh 2:11. This beginning of signs Jesus did in Cana of Galilee, and manifested his glory; and his disciples believed in him. (Signs of turning water into wine).

Joh 4:54 This again is the second sign Jesus did when he had come out of Judea into Galilee. (This second sign was the healing of the nobleman´s son).

Joh 6:2 Then a multitude followed him, because they saw his signs which he performed on those who were diseased. (Healing of sicknesses).

Joh 6:14 Then those men, when they had seen the sign that Jesus did, said, “This is truly the Prophet who is to come into the world.” (This is after the sign of the feeding of the 5,000 with two small fish and five loaves of bread).

Joh 9:16 Therefore some of the Pharisees said, “This man is not from God, because he does not keep the Sabbath.” Others said, “How can a man who is a sinner do such signs?” (This was just after Jesus healed a blind man with clay).

Joh 12:18 For this reason the people also met him, because the heard that he had done this sign. (This sign was the raising of Lazarus from the dead).


Because the signs deceive men upon the earth, they are not from God, but from Satan. Spirits of demons performing signs with the kings of the earth to gather them for the battle of Armageddon. Signs that deceive the elect (Christians). Those who work these signs did not receive the love of the truth. Pharaoh’s magicians turned the waters into blood. Pharaoh’s magicians brought frogs out of the land of Egypt. Pharaoh´s magicians could not bring lice out of the land of Egypt. Jesus turned water into wine. Jesus healed the nobleman´s son. Healing of diseases and sicknesses. Feeding of the 5,000 with two small fish and five loaves of bread. Jesus heals a blind man with clay. Jesus raised Lazarus from the dead.

Signs that come from Satan, are related to Spiritualism and the Charismatic movement today, and are performed to mislead and deceive people and to draw them away from the teachings of the Bible. Signs from Jesus Christ are true signs that do not deceive.

What does “fire come down from heaven” mean in the Bible?

Some Bible students have speculated into what this fire is in prophecy. Some say it is the atom bomb, which had fire from the earth up to the heavens. Others conclude that it is some kind of laser weapon, which can cause fire to appear out of heaven.

When studying this chapter Rev 13: it is full of symbolic language and fire is one of them. It is not to be taken as literal fire. The context of this chapter reveals everything is symbolic and not literal. Therefore, fire is symbolic in this chapter. The purpose of the fire from heaven and signs are to deceive the people living in the USA, especially Protestant Christians.

 Gen 19:24. Then the Lord rained brimstone and fire on Sodom and Gomorrah, from the Lord out of the heavens. (Fire is related to the Lord´s presence and destruction).

Lev 9:23.24. Then the glory of the Lord appeared to all the people and fire came out from before the Lord and consumed the burnt offering and the fat on the altar. (Fire is related to the Lord´s presence and destruction).

Lev 10:1.2. Then Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, each took a censer and put it fire in it, put incense on it, and offered profane fire before the Lord, which He had not commanded them. So fire went out from the Lord and devoured them, and they died before the Lord. (Fire is related to the Lord´s presence and destruction).

Numb 16:35. And fire came down from the Lord and consumed the two hundred and fifty men who were offering incense. (This is referring to the rebellion of Korah and the two hundred and fifty leaders of Israel. Fire is related to the Lord´s presence and destruction).

1 Kings 18:30-38. (Elijah built an altar to the Lord, cut the bull up into pieces and put them on the altar with the wood. Then he asked the people to pour water over the altar three times and then he prayed to God). Verses 37.38. “Hear me, O Lord, hear me, that this people may know that You are the Lord God, and that you have turned their hearts back to You again”. Then the fire of the Lord fell and consumed the burnt sacrifice, and the wood and the stones and the dust, and it licked up the water that was in the trench. (Fire is related to the Lord´s presence and destruction).

2 Thess 1:7-9. When the Lord Jesus is revealed from heaven with his mighty angels, in flaming fire taking vengeance on those who do not know God, and on those who do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ. (Fire is related to the Lord´s presence and destruction).

Rev 20:9. They went up on the breadth of the earth and surrounded the camp of the saints and the beloved city. And fire came down from God out of heaven and devoured them. (The ones who are devoured are Satan and all the nations of the earth, Gog and Magog, who try to go into battle against the city of Jerusalem where the saints are. Fire is related to the Lord´s presence and destruction).

Acts 2:1-4. When the Day of Pentecost had fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. Suddenly there came a sound from heaven, as of rushing mighty wind, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting. Then there appeared to them divided tongues, as of fire, and one sat upon each of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance. (Fire is related to the Lord´s presence and signs of speaking in tongues, which are languages).


All these texts reveal that fire comes down from the Lord and reveals God´s presence. They also reveal that fire has a destroying effect. However, having said this,  Acts 2:1-4  is the only text in the Bible where tongues of fire from heaven, are connected to signs e.g. Acts 2:43 Then fear came upon every soul, and many wonders and signs were done through the apostles. These signs of speaking in tongues and healing were not performed to deceive, but to strengthen the faith of those who believed in what the apostles preached about salvation through Christ and Christ alone.

Therefore, fire in Rev 13:13 maybe related to the speaking in tongues and the healing phenomena in the Charismatic movement. This speaking in tongues in the Charismatic movement is not the same as the speaking in tongues experienced in Acts 2:1-13, which is the speaking of languages only. The speaking in tongues in the Charismatic movement is described as a warm feeling of the Holy Spirit entering the body, and when one speaks in tongues it shows the presence of the Lord.

This is the great deception described in Rev 13:13. Why? Because we never read about the disciples and apostles speaking in a “gibberish” way and rolling on the floor like they do in many Charismatic meetings.

In addition, the healing from the Charismatic movement is only a temporary healing in many cases from my experience. Satan can inflict people with sicknesses and use healers to make them better. Furthermore, many of these healing services are not Christ like according to the Bible narrative.

What is the image to the beast?

Rev 13:14. And he deceives those who dwell on the earth by those signs which he was granted to do in the sight of the beast, telling those who dwell on the earth to make an image to the beast who was wounded by the sword and lived.

OK! The beast in Rev 13:1-10 is the Roman Catholic Church system. In Rev 13:11-18 the beast with the two lamb like horns represents the USA. The USA jurisdiction and government tells those who dwell on the earth (the people who live in the USA) to make an image to the beast who was wounded by the sword and lived (which is the Roman Catholic Church system). This prophecy is yet to be fulfilled in the future.

This prophecy describes a union between the Roman Catholic Church system and the protestant church along with the US state government. When this union takes place there will be a law enforced making an image to the beast. How can this law be enforced? We have already experienced a new law made by the 5 justices of the USA stating that all homosexuals and lesbians can unite in marriage going against the teachings of the Bible. Lev 20:13. Rom 1:26.27. So these 5 justices can make new laws going against the Bible.

What is this image?

Image in the Greek language is είκων aikon and means an emperor´s head image on a coin showing that he is the one who has issued the coin and supports the value of it.[i]

Mat 22:19-21. (The Pharisees asked Jesus) Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar? Jesus said, “Show me the tax money”. So they brought him a denarius. And he said to them, “Whose image and inscription is this?” They said to him. “Caesar´s.” And he said to them, “Render therefore to Caesar the things that are Caesars, and to God what is God´s.” (Image means tribute and authority).

Rom 1:18. Paul is talking about ungodly and unrighteous men. Verse 22. Professing to be wise, they become fools. Verse 23. And changed the glory of the incorruptible God into an image made like corruptible man and birds and four-footed animals and creeping things. (Image of God in opposition to images of animals).

Rom 8:29. For whom he foreknew, he also predestined to be conformed to the image of his son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren. (Image of Jesus Christ character).

2 Cor 3:18. But we all, with unveiled face, beholding as in a mirror the glory of the Lord, are being transformed into the same image from glory to glory, just as by the Spirit of the Lord. (Image of Christ).

1 Cor 11:7. For a man indeed ought not to cover his head, since he is the image and glory of God. (Image of God and Jesus Christ).

1 Cor 15:49. And as we have borne the image of the man of dust, we shall also bear the image of the heavenly man (Jesus Christ).

Colos 1:15. (Christ) He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation.

Heb 10:1. For the law, having a shadow of the good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with these same sacrifices, which they offer continually year by year, make those who approach perfect. (The law of sacrifices is an image)

Rev 13:15. He was granted power to give breath to the image of the beast, that the image of the beast should both speak and cause as many as would not worship the image of the beast to be killed. (The beast with the lamb like horns gave power to the image, which resulted in the image having breath, can speak and coming alive. Those who do not worship the image will be killed. This reminds us of Daniel´s three friends Meshach, Shadrach and Abednego who refused to worship the image/statue to the King in Dan 3:)

Rev 14:9. (Third angel from heaven message) Then the third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, “If anyone worships the beast and his image, and receives his mark on his forehead or on his hand, Verse 10. He himself shall also drink of the wine of the wrath of God – – -. (This is a serious message from God in heaven stating that anyone worshipping the beast i.e. the Roman Catholic Church system and receives his mark shall receive the wrath of God).

Rev 15:2. And I saw something like a sea of glass mingled with fire, and those who have the victory over the beast, over his image – – -. (The sea of glass is in heaven where the victors stand who have overcome the beast and refused to worship his image).

Rev 16:2. So the first went and poured out his bowl upon the earth, and a foul and loathsome sore came upon the men who had the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image. (This is during the first plague with the wrath of God upon those who worship the image of the beast).

Rev 19:20. Then the beast was captured and with him the false prophet who worked signs in his presence by which he declared those who received the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image. These two were cast alive into the lake of fire burning with brimstone. (Here we have the results of those who created the image and forced others to worship the image: the beast and the false prophet where thrown into the lake of fire).

Rev 20:4. And I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was committed to them. Then I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for their witness to Jesus and for the word of God, who had not worshiped the beast or his image, and had not received his mark on the foreheads or on their hands. And they lived and reigned with Christ for a thousand years.

Dan 2:31. You O King, were watching; and behold, a great image! This great image, whose splendor was excellent, stood before you; and its form was awesome. (Image in the Hebrew is “tselem” and means statue in this text).


Image is related to the following: worship, authority, and image of God. Christ. False worship of the beast. Deception. Statue in Dan 2: Statue of gold in Dan 3: Issue of life and death. There is a difference between true worshipers and false worshipers in the book of Revelation. They are those who keep the commandments of God and the faith of Jesus Christ and those who do not. The Ten Commandments of God includes keeping the sabbath day as a holy day, which is on a Saturday in the Bible. (Rev 12:17. 14:12).

Rev 13:15. He was granted power to give breath to the image of the beast, that the image of the beast should both speak and cause as many as would not worship the image of the beast to be killed.

“He” refers to the false prophet or the Protestants living in the USA. Power was given to the Protestants living in the USA to give breath to the image, so that it can become alive and have authority to speak and administer a death decree to those who do not wish to worship the image to the first beast. Her we have a union of both protestants in the USA and the Roman Catholic Church system who make a law enforcing all people living in the USA to worship the image to the first beast in (Rev 13:1), on the point of death.

There is a similar account of this situation written in Dan 3:

Dan 3:1 Nebuchadnezzar the king made an image of gold. Verse 2. The image was to be dedicated and all were invited. Verse 5. At the time you hear the sound of the horn, flute, harp, and psaltery, in symphony with all kinds of music, you shall fall down and worship the gold image that king Nebuchadnezzar has set up. Verse 6. And whoever does not fall down, and worship shall be cast immediately into the midst of a burning fiery furnace. Verse 12. (Certain Chaldeans came forward to the king and accused some Jews).There are certain Jews whom you have set over the affairs of the province of Babylon: Shadrach, Meshach and Abed-Nego; these men, O king, have not paid due regard to you. They do not serve your gods or worship the gold image which you have set up. As a result, these three men were cast into a burning oven to be burnt up alive.

Verse 24. Then king Nebuchadnezzar was astonished; and he rose in haste and spoke, saying to his counselors, “Did we not cast three men bound into the midst of the fire? They answered and said to the king, “True O king.” “Look!” he answered, “I see four men loose, walking in the midst of the fire, and they are not hurt, and the form of the fourth is like the Son of God. (In this historical account, image is related to forced worship by the king).

In order for the United States to form an image of the beast, the religious power must so control the civil government that the authority of the State will also be employed by the Church to accomplish her own ends.[ii]

When the leading Churches of the United States, uniting upon such points of doctrine as are held by them in common, shall influence the State to enforce their decrees and to sustain their institutions, then Protestant America will have formed an image of the Roman hierarchy, and the infliction of civil penalties upon dissenters will inevitably result.[iii]

The image to the beast represents that form of apostate Protestantism which will be developed when the Protestant Churches shall seek the aid of the civil power for the enforcement of their dogmas.[iv]



[i] Walter Bauer, (Trans., by W. F. Arndt and F. W. Gingrich) A Greek – English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1979), 222.

[ii] Ellen G. White, Confrontation (Grantham, Lincolnshire: The Stanborough Press, 1978), 443.

[iii] Ibid., 445.

[iv] Ibid., 445.






What is this mark on the right hand and on the forehead?

Rev 13:16. He causes all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and slave, to receive a mark on their right hand or on their foreheads.

We will now do a word study from the Bible on what it means to have a mark on the right hand and on the forehead.

Ex 13:9. It shall be a sign to you on your hand and as a memorial between your eyes (forehead), that the Lord´s law may be in your mouth; for with a strong hand the Lord has brought you out of Egypt. Verse 14. So it shall be, when your son asks you in time to come saying, “What is this?” that you shall say to him, “By strength of the hand of the Lord brought us out of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. Verse 16. It shall be a sign on your hand and as frontlets between your eyes (forehead), for by strength of the Lord brought us out of Egypt. (The mark on the right hand and on the forehead is related to the law of God which are the Ten Commandments).

Ezek 3:7-9. But the house of Israel will not listen to you, because they will not listen to me; for all the house of Israel are impudent and hard hearted. Behold I have made your face strong against their faces, and your forehead strong against their forehead. Like adamant stone, harder than flint, I have made your forehead; do not be afraid of them, nor be dismayed at their looks, though they are a rebellious house. Context: (Ezekiel’s forehead was made strong by God to condemn the Israelites of their sins. Hence, the forehead is related to spiritual strength).

Ezek 9:1-11. (The subject are those who are worshipping idols in Jerusalem, shall be slain). Verses 3-7. God said to an angel, “Go through the midst of the city, through the midst of Jerusalem, and put a mark on the foreheads of the men who sigh and cry over all the abominations that are alone within it.”  To the others he said in my hearing, “Go after him through the city and kill; do not let your eye spare, nor have any pity. Utterly slay old and young men, maidens and little children and women; but do not come near anyone on whom is the mark; and begin at my sanctuary.” So they began with the elders who were before the temple. They went out and killed in the city. Verse 11. The man clothed with linen who had the inkhorn at his side, reported back and said, “I have done as you commanded me.”

(Context: A mark on the forehead means those who believe in God and his commandments, and therefore sigh and cry over abominations of Israel. Those who do not have God´s mark on their foreheads are those who do not believe in God and his commandments but worship idols, do iniquity, shed blood and indulge in perversity).

Deut 5:6-22. The context of the next chapter is this chapter and is about God who wrote the Ten Commandments and gave them to Moses.

Deut 6:6-8. And these words which I command you to day shall be in your heart. (These words refer to the previous chapter Deut 5:6-22, which are the Ten Commandments). Verses 7-8. You shall teach them diligently to your children, and shall talk of them when you sit in your house, when you walk by the way, when you lie down, and when you rise up.  You shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be as frontlets between your eyes (foreheads).

Deut 6:4.5. Hear O Israel: The lord our God, the Lord is one! You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul and with all your strength. (Mk12:29-31. Math 22:36-40. Love to God, is the first commandment and how you do this is by observing the first of the four of the Ten Commandments. Love your neighbor is the second commandment and how you do this is by observing the last six commandments of the Ten Commandments).

Rev 7:3. Do not harm the earth, the sea, or the trees until we have sealed the servants of our God on their foreheads. Verse 4. And I heard the number of those were sealed. One hundred and forty-four thousands of all the tribes of the children of Israel were sealed. Verse 9. After these things I looked and behold a great multitude, which no one could number, of all nations, tribes, peoples and tongues, standing before the throne and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, with palm branches in their hands. Verse 13. Then one of the elders answered, saying to me, “Who are these arrayed in white robes and where did they come from?” Verse 14. And I said to him, “Sir, you know,” so he said to me, “These are the ones who come out of the great tribulation, and washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb. (Foreheads are related to those who have washed their robes in the blood of the Lamb: salvation through Christ alone).


The mark on the right hand and on the forehead, is related to the following: God´s law. The hand of the Lord and his strength, spiritually strength, spiritual decisions, sigh and cry over all abominations, Gods commandments, worship God, the ten commandments, love to God, love to your neighbor, the seal of the Holy Spirit, white robes washed in the blood of the lamb. (The fore mentioned mark, is related to Gods mark on the right hand and on the forehead. The opposite to this mark for example the mark of the beast, are those who practice the opposite to worshipping God and his ten commandments etc.)

What does the term “no one may buy or sell” mean in the book of Revelation?

Rev 13:17 “no one may buy or sell except one who has the mark or the name of the beast.”

Most Bible commentaries interpret this text literally. This means the ‘buying and selling’ of goods such as food and clothing as a means for survival. However, there is a problem with this interpretation. The word buying is only mentioned three times in the book of Revelation. Two times it is interpreted as symbolic, and one time it is interpreted as literal. This literal interpretation is in Rev 13:17. This is the odd one out. I would like to look at the three texts and see what happens to our understanding of Rev 13:17 when interpreting all these texts symbolically.

Let us look at the first text in Rev 3:18. The SDA Bible Commentary and most Bible commentaries interpret this verse to the church at Laodicea, symbolically. “I counsel you to buy from me gold refined in fire, that you may be rich; and white garments, that you may be clothed, that the shame of your nakedness may not be revealed; and anoint your eyes with eye salve, that you may see.”

This is the message to the Laodicean church, which represents our generation up to Jesus Christ Second Coming. It describes that most of the Christians living at this time are lukewarm. That is their works are neither cold nor hot. Their works of witnessing are lukewarm. This describes our generation whether we like it or not.

“I counsel you to buy from me gold.” The symbolic interpretation for gold is faith tried in fire.

1 Pet 1:6.7. “I counsel you to buy from me white garments.” The white garment’s is a symbol of Christ’s righteousness. Rev 7:13.14. They have washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.  Is 61:10.He has clothed me with the robe of righteousness.

“I counsel you to buy from me eye salve to anoint your eyes so that you can see.”

Ephes 1: 17.18. The eyes in scripture are related to the Holy Spirit. Laodicea is a symbol of the church living in the in last days before the second coming Christ. Christ invites us to buy faith, his righteousness and the Holy Spirit. With what? What do we have to offer? Money and worldly goods cannot purchase them. Christ wants our hearts or our lives to be exact, and in return, we get more than he is offering in this verse. We become members of Christ’s family and part of God’s kingdom. The SDA and most Bible Commentaries interprets ‘buying’ in this verse symbolically.

Let us look at Rev. 18:11. “And the merchants of the earth will weep and mourn over her, for no one buys their merchandise anymore.” This chapter tells of the downfall of spiritual Babylon. Who represents spiritual Babylon in the book of Revelation? Jerusalem represents all those people who believe in God, the Bible as Gods word, Jesus Christ as our personal savior and the Ten Commandments.

OK! So Babylon represents the opposite. All those people who do not believe in God, the Bible, Jesus Christ as their savior and the Ten Commandments. Who are the merchants in the text? The merchants are a symbol of all peddlers who sell their spiritual merchandise of false doctrines and teachings to all people on this earth. They are atheist, teachers and professors in the universities; they are pastors and priests who teach in churches their false doctrines from the Bible. This is the reason why we have over 2,000 different churches all over the world. They cannot all be teaching the truth. It is interesting to note that the first merchandise to be named in verse 12 is gold, which is a symbol of faith, but this would be a false teaching of faith, coming from false teachers. The word “buy” is interpreted symbolically in this verse, by most Bible commentaries.

Rev 13:17 All Bible commentaries interpret this verse literally. Which means no buying or selling of food and clothing and goods. This literal interpretation gives us a problem, because the whole of Rev 13 is interpreted with symbols. How can one interpret the whole of the chapter symbolically and ignore verse 16 and 17, which most Bible commentaries say is literal? This is very strange. It is as if all the Bible commentaries copy each other, and also their mistakes. And let me tell you, they do copy one another.

Rev 13:1-10 tells about the beast with seven heads and ten horns, which represent the papacy in the Roman Catholic Church.

Rev 13: 11-18 tells us about a lamb like beast, which represents the USA.

Rev 13:16.17. He causes all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and slave, to receive a mark on their right hand or on their foreheads and that no one may buy or sell except one who has the mark or the name of the beast, or number of his name.

Shall we take these words of ‘buying and selling’ literally or should it have a symbolic application? As a rule of interpretation, if the context is interpreted symbolically, then this verse should also be interpreted symbolically. If the context is interpreted literally, then this verse should be interpreted literally. The context in Rev. 13:11-18 and is about the beast with the lamb like horns, which we interpret to mean the USA. All of the symbols in this text have a symbolic application, so we do injustice to the text to interpret verse 16 and 17 literally only. For example in verse 16 it says all shall receive a mark on their hands and on their foreheads.

If we give this verse a symbolic application like the other two texts in Rev 13:16.17, what would ‘buying and selling’ mean? From Rev.3:18 we have the symbolic interpretation of buying and selling related to faith, Christ’s righteousness, the Holy Spirit and Gods Ten Commandments. So the symbolic interpretation of Rev. 13:17 is telling us of a power in the future, which will prevent us, from preaching and teaching the doctrines related to our faith, Christ’s righteousness, the Holy Spirit and the Gods Ten Commandments.

We relate this text to the future. But are there any laws now on the statute books, preventing us preachers and teachers in expounding the Bible?

We have all heard of Salmon Rushdi, the Muslim author who wrote against his religion, and as a result, a death sentence was pronounced on him, from his religious community. Then there was the Muhammed cartoons printed in the ‘Jutlands Post’ newspaper here in Denmark a few years ago, which caused quite a reaction from the Muslims in the east. Then there was the terrorist attack on the twin towers in New York, USA.

All these conflicts and many more around the world have given rise to the bringing in of ‘Hate Laws’ on the statute books in many countries. What are ‘Hate Laws’? They are laws of discrimination, which have been made by governments, during the past 10 years. When you type ‘Hate Laws’ on the internet in Google, you can find these laws in different countries of the world, which discriminate between people of different ethnic origins, skin color, race, religion, sexual orientation and nationality[i]. If you criticize in word or look another person, then you are in danger of being taken to court and be sentenced from 2 to 14 years imprisonment in some countries. Even the Queen of England supports this law[ii], which was incorporated into the British legal system in April 2007. This was called the equality act.

On Friday the 26 June, 2015, the supreme court in the USA banned all states from implementing laws against same sex marriages. What does this law mean? It means all homosexual men and lesbian women have the right to get married in the USA and no one can criticize them when they do it. What does this law mean for all Bible believing Christians in the USA? It means that there is a conflict between the State law and the Bible. The State law says one thing and the Bible says the opposite. This will bring a conflict in all the courts of the USA. This law also means that Christians will no longer be able to preach and teach from the Bible in our churches and in our schools and colleges against homosexuality or lesbian practices.

It is a strange law because it goes directly against another law, which is called the “First Amendment” giving protection to all religious groups who advocate the traditional marriage from the Bible. It is amazing that the Supreme Court has such power to go against the First Amendment. They are in fact breaking the US law themselves in doing this. It is also amazing that no religious group or church challenges this law from the Supreme Court. This new law will be implemented in the future, in many countries of the world, and is already on their statute books, awaiting to be enforced.

GC 459. Ellen G. White writes “And the Bible teaches, that a time is approaching, when the laws of the State, will so conflict with the law of God, that whosoever would obey all the divine precepts must brave reproach and punishment as an evil doer.” This law from the supreme court is just the start of this prophecy being fulfilled.

What happens if we go against this law? In 2002, the Swedish government passed a law prohibiting unfavorable speech towards homosexuals, bisexuals and heterosexuals. On the 29 June, 2004 a Pentecostal pastor preached a sermon in his church, citing from the Bible against homosexuals, saying that it was sinful. He was taken to court, and sentenced to 30 days imprisonment. His lawyer made an appeal and the pastor was later released. You can read his full story and sermon on the internet[iii].

What implications do these ‘Hate Laws’ have on the future preacher and teacher of the Bible?

Martin Luther King

There will come a time when we cannot condemn sin anymore, or preach from the Bible against sin. There will be restrictions on preachers, from preaching from the Bible. For example, we will not be able to use a text like 1 Cor. 6:10 preaching against fornicators, idolaters, adulterers, homosexuals, thieves, covetousness, drunkards, revilers and extortioners. Why? Because they will be protected by hate laws, and their sinful practices will be accepted, by all in society as part of the norm.

How can a preacher bring people to Christ without preaching against their sins? The law of God in the Ten Commandments, which reveals their sins, will become nullified. A new world order will be set up, of religious beliefs and teachings, which all will agree on. When looking at the context of Rev. 13:11-18 we find from our reading, that these laws will come from the USA. This is the start of a worldwide national law, to follow suit with further amendments and severe penalties, ending with the death penalty. However most of these ‘hate laws’ are already on the books in some countries, just waiting to be used, when a preacher or any believer steps out of line.

So remember the next time you preach against sin and there is a ‘Hate Law’ in that country, you might be accused of breaking the law of the land. If you ignore this interpretation of ‘buying and selling,’ you could end up with a prison sentence for preaching from the word of God in the Bible. When looking at this law from a broader aspect into the future, it does not only prevent Adventists preachers, but it will prevent all preachers from every denomination in the world in preaching from the whole Bible and selling religious literature exposing the false doctrines of other churches and denominations like the book “The Great Controversy.”

It is interesting to note that Ellen G. White writes in the book “Evangelism” page 523, “soon there will be no work done in ministerial lines but medical missionary work.” When there will be laws preventing Christians from preaching the gospel just before the Second Coming of Christ, the last work we are able to do, is medical missionary work like teaching people to live a healthy lifestyle.

Rev 13:18. Here is wisdom. Let him who has understanding calculate the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man: His number is 666.

What does the number 666 mean?

What does the number 666 mean from the Bible, and the Bible only?

I have read and studied many interpretations of this text Fx. 666 means it is the pope’s tiara that sits on his head. The numerical letters in Latin “Vicarius Filii Dei” on the pope´s tiara add up to 666. The Latin words interpreted mean the vicar of the son of God. I have also seen Ellen G. Whites name from my own church denomination to be interpreted to mean 666. But all these explanations do not come from the Bible and Bible only interpretation. They are only speculation or eisegesis.

We really do not need the number, because when we study Rev 13:1-10 we know already that the beast from the sea is the Roman Catholic Church system or organization. When we study Rev 13:1-18 we can also see the subject of the chapter is worship. Who shall we worship? Which church denomination shall we worship God through in the New World Order? Here is a summary of the chapter involving worship:

Rev 13:3. All the world marveled and followed the beast.

Rev 13:4. The dragon gave authority to the beast and they worshiped the beast.

Rev 13:5. He was given authority for 42 months (1260 prophetical days=1260 years=538-1798 A.D. during the Middle Ages).

Rev 13:6. The beast blasphemed God, his name and his tabernacle in heaven.

Rev 13:7. The beast made war with the saints.

Rev 13:8. All who would dwell on the earth will worship the beast whose names have not been written in the book of life.

Rev 13:12. The second beast (protestant USA) causes those who dwell on the earth to worship the first beast (Roman Catholic Church system).

Rev 13:14. The first beast deceives those who dwell on the earth – – – telling them to make an image to the beast (the sea beast).

Rev 13:15. And cause as many as would not worship the image of the beast to be killed.

Rev 13:16. He causes, both small and great – – – to receive a mark on their right hand or on their foreheads.

Rev 13:17. No one may buy or sell except one who has the mark or name of the beast or the number of his name.

OK! So what does the number 666 mean from the Bible?

When using the method “let the Bible itself interpret the Bible,” we find the only other text in the whole of the Bible that states the numerical figures 666 is in the Old Testament:         1 Kings 10:14. The weight of gold that came to Solomon yearly, was six hundred and sixty-six talents of gold.

King Solomon

How much is one talent of gold worth?

The Hebrew talent in conformity with the Canaanite talent consisted of only 3,000 shekels. Its weight was 34.2 kilograms or 75.39 lbs[iv].

How many kilograms or lbs. of gold did Solomon receive each year?

666 x 34.2 kilogram =22,777 kilogram

666 x 75.39 lbs. = 50,209 lbs, or 22,415 tons of gold.

Gold price average is $1,225 an oz.

50,209 lbs. x 16 oz. = 803,344 oz.

803,344 x $1,225 = $984,096,400 tax free each year.

In 1 kings 11:42 it says that Solomon reigned for 40 years.

40 years x 22,415 tons of gold = 896,600 tons of gold. This is what King Solomon received in his lifetime.

My point with these calculations is, king Solomon was the most richest religious man in the then known world at his time.

When transferring this data over to this present age of 2016, we can ask ourselves, which religious institution is the most wealthiest or richest in the world? The answer is the Roman Catholic Church system. They have a yearly income of $14,000,000,000 tax-free.

The Roman Catholic Church system has 60,350 tons of gold in their vaults around the world. No one knows exactly how much gold the Roman Catholic Church system has stored in its Vatican vaults and other vaults around the world over the many years since it has existed. However, Avro Manhattan who is an expert on the knowledge of the Roman Catholic Church, says that this church is the wealthiest, richest and most powerful institution in the world.

Nazi gold

Nazi gold

The Roman Catholic Church plundered gold from Europe through the Nazis during the II World War. Claims Alberto Rivera an ex-Jesuit priest from the Roman Catholic church:

The Roman Catholic Church system has investments in the world’s largest banks and concerns like companies on Wall Street. They have relations with the Mafia and drug barons all over the world[v]. It is not the Federal Reserve Bank who controls the interest rates around the world, but it is the Roman Catholic Church system who controls the Federal Reserve bank, because they have the most gold invested in that bank and the greatest “say so” in what should be done with the global economy.

Having said all this, what is my point? What relationship is the Roman Catholic Church system to King Solomon? My point is this, that there is a large striking parallel between the two.

1 Kgs 10:14. The weight of gold that came to Solomon yearly was 666 talents of gold. (King Solomon was the most wealthiest religious king in the then known world of his time. 1 Kgs 10:23).

1 Kgs 8:54. And so it was, when Solomon had finished praying all this prayer and supplication to the Lord, that he arose from before the altar of the Lord, from kneeling on his knees with his hands spread up to heaven. (King Solomon was deeply religious and had a personal faith in God).

1 Kgs 9:1-9. The Lord appeared to Solomon. Solomon was a prophet like his father King David. Solomon wrote “The Book of Proverbs” and “The Book of Ecclesiastes.”

1 Kgs 11:1-10. King Solomon had seven hundred foreign wives that turned his heart from God and he ended up worshipping other gods. Solomon stopped worshipping the creator God and keeping his commandments for many years of his reign.

Like King Solomon, the Roman Catholic Church began with a strong belief and faith in God and his commandments. Paul writes in Rom 1:7. To all who are in Rome, beloved of God called to be saints. The church in Rome began with true Christian and sincere believers in Christ. However, over the years this church has accepted many other gods and beliefs in false doctrines, which are not Biblical.

These are some of the doctrines the Roman Catholic church have incorporated into their beliefs.

  1. The papacy have changed Gods ten commandments from the original.
  2. The papacy have changed the Sabbath from Saturday to Sunday.
  3. The papacy worship statutes and saints.
  4. The papacy installed the sale of indulgences.
  5. The papacy believe in purgatory.
  6. The papacy believe in the doctrine of Hell.
  7. The papacy installed the practice of priests and prelates can only forgive sins.
  8. The pope receives homage and worship which is due to God alone.
  9. The pope’s position states that he is vice regent on earth and the only mediator between God and man.

On top of all this, the papacy has killed over 50 million men,women and children members of their church during the Middle Ages. Why? Because they refused to believe in the papacy and they protested against the pope and became protestant believers. They believed in the Bible and Bible only for their faith.

Rev 13:18. The number of the beast is the number of a man. (That “man” is from the Bible and is King Solomon. So there is a parallel between the life of King Solomon and the history of the Roman Catholic Church which we cannot ignore).

The number 666 means in prophecy that this institution is the most wealthiest and richest in the world. The Roman Catholic papal system with all its wealth will control all the worlds financial and banking systems, with the aim of establishing the Holy Roman Empire throughout the world. This will be the New World Order with the pope at the head of it. This is what the numbers 666 mean in Rev 13:18.

The question arises, how can a Protestant nation like the USA unite with the papacy or the Roman Catholic Church system in the future?

Amschel Rothschild’s famous quote states: “Give me control of a nation’s money supply, and I care not who makes its laws.”

The Federal Bank is situated in the USA?  Every time the Federal Reserve Bank ups the interest rates, the banks of the world follow suit and the world’s population will head for an economic recession. When the Federal Reserve Bank decreases interest rates, then the banks of the world follow suit and the world’s population are headed for good times with more prospects for jobs and a better economy.

This process of increasing and decreasing interest rates, only increases the Federal Reserve and the world banks income. They buy stocks and shares when interest rates are at their lowest and sell them when they are at their highest. This process occurs on a 5-10 year cycle and takes advantage of the poor living in the world. This is capitalism at its best, which most countries use worldwide.

Who is one of the chief investors in the Federal Reserve Bank? The papacy, at the Vatican, representing the Roman Catholic Church system. In addition to this, at the present time of writing July 2016, the USA is in serious debt up to a figure of around 19 trillion American dollars. And no president can control this debt. A few have tried like the Kennedy brothers: John F. Kennedy and Robert Kennedy. They tried to stop loans from the Federal Reserve Bank to the US nation. How? By changing the dollar standard from paper money to silver. John F. Kennedy wrote a decree on the 4 June, 1963, No 11110 to stop all loans from the Federal Reserve Bank in the USA. As a result John F. Kennedy was assassinated or murdered on the 22 Nov, 1963.

Who assassinated John F. Kennedy and why?

If one has access to, write down the assassination of John F. Kennedy and see the news film clip of the shooting. One can see with your own eyes, without a doubt, that the head of the protection police or bodyguards is waiving to the other body guards to stay back, where as they should have been surrounding the presidents car. This is definitely a sign that the head of the bodyguards and group of bodyguards knew what was going to happen. After a few seconds went by, John F. Kennedy was shot in the head. This is no conspiracy theory friends. This is a news clip which was shown on every television throughout the world. This was planned murder by the Jesuits in the Roman Catholic Church system. And John F. Kennedy was a member of the Roman Catholic Church at that. It seems that no one can stand in the way of the Jesuits in the Roman Catholic Church system, who want complete control of the US Federal Reserve Bank, US dollar standard and influence over the world´s financial system. So the Bible is right in the prophecy Rev 13:18 that the Roman Catholic Church system is the most wealthiest religious organization in the world. And no one can change that, only God.

When John F. Kennedy´s brother Robert Kennedy was elected president, he tried to do the same and change the dollar standard into silver. He was also assassinated and murdered.

Who did Abraham Lincoln say, was responsible for the American civil war?

It is true what president Abraham Lincoln said before he was assassinated. This quotation is taken from the book “Fifty Years in the Church of Rome” by Charles Chinquy and is cited in

This quotation is referring to the American civil war between north and south over slave trading.

“The common people see and hear the big, noisy wheels of the Southern Confederacy´s cars; they call Jeff Davies, Lee, Toombs, Beauregard, Semmes, etc., and they honestly think that they are the motive power, the first cause of troubles. But this is a mistake. The true motive power is secreted behind the thick walls of the Vatican, the colleges and schools of the Jesuits, the converts of the nuns, and the confessional boxes of Rome. There is a fact which is too much ignored by the American people, and which I am acquainted only since I became president, it is that the best, the leading families of the South have received their education in great part, if not whole, from the Jesuits and the nuns. Hence, those degrading principles of slavery, pride, cruelty, which are as second nature among so many of those people. – – -.

You do not ignore that the first settlers of Louisiana, Florida, New Mexico, Texas, South California and Missouri were Roman Catholics and that their first teacher were Jesuits. – – -. Unfortunately, the Jesuits and the nuns have in great part remained the teachers of those people since. They have continued in a silent, but most efficacious way, to spread their hatred against our institutions, our laws, our schools, our rights and our liberties in such a way that this terrible conflict became unavoidable between the North and the South. As I told you before, it is Popery that we owe this terrible civil war.”

“I do not pretend to be a prophet. But though not a prophet, I see a very dark cloud on our horizon. And that dark cloud is coming from Rome. It is filled with tears of blood. It will rise and increase until its flanks will be torn by a flash of lightening, followed by a fearful peal of thunder. Then a cyclone such as the world has never seen, will pass over this country, spreading ruin and desolation from north to south.  After it is over, there will long days of peace and prosperity: for popery, with its Jesuits and merciless Inquisition, will have been for ever swept away from our country.”

When will Popery and the Jesuits finally be eliminated? This will occur at Christ´s Second Coming according to the book of Daniel.

According to Abraham Lincoln, the Jesuits were not a fictitious group operating within the bounds of the Vatican trying to overtake the world in some conspiracy theory. They were and are an active political force trying to undermine the USA and the world.




[iv] Francis D. Nichol, Edit., The Seventh-day Adventist Bible Dictionary, Vol. 8 (Washington D.C.: Review & Herald Pub., 1979), 1087.

[v] David Yallop, In God´s Name (Great Britain: Jonathan Cape Ltd., 1986), 474.

[i] Tim Dowley, Edit., A Lion Handbook–The History of the Christian Church (Herts, England: Lion Publishing, 1977), 411.

[ii] Ibid, 411-13.

[iii] Ibid, 377.

[iv] Ibid, 521.

[v] Williston Walker, A History of the Christian Church (Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1959), 519-522.

[vi] Francis D. Nichol, Edit., The Seventh-day Adventist Bible Commentary, Vol. 7 (Washington D.C.: Review & Herald Pub., 1980), 817.

[vii] William H. Shea, Daniel A Reader´s Guide (Nampa, Idaho: Pacific Press, 2005), 118,

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