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Revelation 13:1-10 Who does the sea beast represent?

Rev 13:1.2. Then I stood on the sand of the sea. And I saw a beast rising up out of the sea, having seven heads and ten horns, and on his horns ten crowns, and on his heads blasphemous names. Now the beast which I saw was like a leopard, his feet were like the feet of a bear, and his mouth like the mouth of a lion. The dragon gave him his power, his throne, and great authority.

where else do we have a similar beast with seven heads and ten horns in the Bible?

Dan 7:7.8. After this I saw in the night visions, and behold, a fourth beast, dreadful and terrible, exceedingly great. It had huge iron teeth; it was devouring, breaking in pieces, and trampling the residue with its feet. It was different from all the beasts that were before it, and it had ten horns. I was considering the horns, and there was another horn, a little one, coming up among them, before whom three of the first horns were plucked out by the roots, And there, in this horn, were eyes like the eyes of a man, and a mouth speaking pompous words.

(As we have studied in other words studies, the ten horns represent the ten early tribes of Europe. Three were plucked up e.g. Heruli, Vandals and Ostrogoths. The little horn represents the papacy who was different from the ten political kingdoms because it was both political and religious. The beast in this text is the Roman Empire which was continued by the Holy Roman Empire being the Roman Catholic Church system. Notice that there are no seven heads on this beast as in the sea beast in Rev 13:1. This is because the ten horns representing the ten early tribes of Europe are just beginning, and the seven heads representing the seven religious heads or worldwide church denominations have not yet been formed).

O.K! We have found out from our word study that beasts in prophecy are symbols of super world empires like Babylon, Medio-Persia, Grecian and Roman Empire. The sea beast in Rev 13:1 is also a super world empire both religious, political and financial. This beast came out of the sea, just like the other beasts in Dan 7:3. The sea represents Rev 17:15 peoples, multitudes, nations and tongues. This sea beast has seven heads symbolizing the seven heads of all Christian churches worldwide, which have sprung from this beast.

Who are the seven heads of these worldwide churches, which have fallen?

When looking on the internet under Google, type, “List of Christian denominations by number of members,” and then look under Wikipedia; there is a list of the seven largest churches in the world:

  1. Church of the East, 0.6 million.
  2. Restoration and Non-Trinitarianism, 42-48 million.
  3. Anglicanism, 85 million.
  4. Oriental Orthodoxy, 86 million.
  5. Eastern Orthodoxy, 225-300 million.
  6. Protestantism, 800 million.
  7. Roman Catholicism, 1.2 Billion.

Heads of these fallen churches can mean one person or a group, who are the leaders of these churches.

The beast with the seven heads indicate that this beast is religious institution, because the seven largest churches in the world have sprung from this beast. What is the name of this religious institution? It is the papacy combined with Jesuits in the Roman Catholic Church system. This Church is where all Christian churches of today have come from. Because the seven heads are still part of the beast, this indicates that the Roman Catholic Church system has still influence over these churches even though they have separated from the mother church.

Who do the 10 horns represent in this chapter?

This beast has also ten horns. These ten horns in prophecy represent the ten early tribes of Europe:

  1. Ostrogoths.
  2. Visigoths.
  3. Franks.
  4. Vandal.
  5. Suevi.
  6. Alamanni.
  7. Anglo Saxons.
  8. Heruli.
  9. Lombards.
  10. Burgundians.

These ten horns are part of the beast indicating that the Roman Catholic Church system has authority over these European powers. How? We shall discuss this later on in Rev 17:

On the ten horns are ten crowns or ten diadems. In the Greek, diadem is “diadaimata” and means kingly crowns. This reinforces the interpretation that these ten horns are political powers who have the same authority has kings to govern the land.

On its heads were blasphemous names. The seven heads are the seven largest Christian churches in the world. But now we find out that they are not pure churches, but are fallen churches, because they have names of blasphemy on their heads. What does the word blasphemy mean? Our word study reveals that it means to speak impiously of God. Work against the Holy Spirit. Cursing the name of God. They have the power to forgive sins. Breaking the law of God. Rejecting faith and a good conscience. Denying the name of Jesus Christ. Claiming to be the Son of God. Working against the tabernacle of God and those who dwell in heaven. Opposing the Bible, the gospel and God. Rejecting faith and a good conscience. They are Christians who say they are believers but practice otherwise in their lives. Sin is related to blasphemy. Persecuting Christ and his followers. They have a form of godliness but denying its power. Contradicting Gods words. Denying Christ. Refusing to keep the law of God. Refusing to keep the Ten Commandments. Excuse not to believe in God. Telling lies in Gods name. Making oneself God. False Christian believers. They say they are believers but are not.

These definitions give an overview of what blasphemy means from a Bible word study. They also reinforce that the seven heads are fallen churches in Gods eyes.

Now the beast which I saw was like a leopard, his feet were like the feet of a bear, and his mouth like the mouth of a lion. Where do the pictures of these beasts come from in the Bible? They come from Dan 7:3-6. The sea beast from Rev 13:1 looked like a leopard, which represented the Grecian empire. Out of the Grecian empire came Hellenism, which had everything to do with learning in Europe, Greek history, Greek language, Greek culture and Greek mythology pertaining to many mythological gods. The sea beast had feet like a bear. The feet of a bear in Dan 7:3-6 represents the Medo-Persian Empire. The feet represent speed when running after its prey and the claws on the feet represent that the victim is clawed and mauled to death in a cruel fashion. The mouth of a lion represents the Babylonian Empire. When a lion roars with its mouth, then all the beasts of the forest become afraid. When a lion attacks its victim, it devours with its mouth.

A short word study on the word lion in the book Revelation.

Rev 4:7. (The four living creatures in the midst of the throne in heaven and around the throne). The first living creature was a lion.

Rev 5:5. Do not weep. Behold, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has prevailed to open the scroll and to loose its seven seals. (This lion represents Christ).

Rev 9:8. They had hair like women´s hair, and their teeth were like lion´s teeth. (Refers to Moslem soldiers in the Ottoman Empire going to war against their enemies. They crush their enemies like a lion crushes its prey).

Rev 10:1-3. I saw still another mighty angel coming down from heaven, clothed with a cloud. And a rainbow was on his head, his face was like the sun, and his feet like pillars of fire. He had a book in his hand. And he set his right foot on the sea and his left foot on the land, and cried with a loud voice, as when a lion roars. (This mighty angel is Christ and raises his voice like a lion).

Rev 13:2. (A beast coming out of the sea). Now the beast which I saw was like a leopard, his feet were like the feet of a bear, and his mouth like the mouth of a lion. (The sea beast represents the papacy in the Roman Catholic Church system all around the world. When they talk like a lion the nations tremble because of their power and authority).

Conclusion

Lion represents Christ in prophecy, then power, Moslem soldiers at war against their enemies, Christ with a loud voice of authority, and the papacy in the Roman Catholic Church system who talk with power and authority to cause nations to tremble.

These are the traits, which the sea beast has developed over the years. Hellenism from the Grecian Empire, speed and cruel deaths from the Medo-Persian Empire, and nations become afraid of the roaring lion who devours everything that stands in its way. These are the traits that the Roman Catholic system has developed over the years. The majority of the members are oblivious over what is happening behind the scenes of this worldwide church. But there is a powerful group of men operating behind the cloak of this church, and their main aim is, to retrieve their lost dominion and that is, power over the whole of the world: The Holy Roman Empire. Who are these men? The Jesuits.

Who are the Jesuits?

Ignatius Loyola

Ignatius Loyola founded the dedicated and powerful Society of Jesus (the Jesuits). Ignatius a Spanish nobleman was born in 1491 or 1495 at the castle of Loyola near the Pyrenees. His career as a professional soldier ended with a leg wound in 1521. Through reading lives of Christ and the saints while convalescing, Loyola resolved to become Christ´s soldier. He hung up his sword at the altar of Mary in Montserrat. Ignatius then spent a year (1522-23) in prayer and meditation at Manresa monastery, seeking total consecration to Christ. He was much blessed. Here he drafted his Spiritual Exercises. Between 1524 and 1534 Loyola studied at Barcelona, Alcala, Salamanca and Paris preparing for service. Then he and six friends vowed to practice poverty and celibacy to make a pilgrimage to Jerusalem (this never came off), and to give the rest of their lives to apostolic labors. In this way, the Society of Jesus began. “Jesuits”, as its members were called, vowed total obedience to the pope as, in effect, Commander-in-chief, and under him to the general of the order. Ignatius, a fine organizer, was general until his death in 1556[i].

By 1556 there were over a thousand Jesuits-mainly in Spain. Portugal and Italy, but also in France, Germany, the Low Countries, India, Brazil and Africa. By 1626 there were 15,544, and during the next 130 years the Jesuits grew slowly but steadily. Jesuits were working in almost every corner of the globe.

Jesuits reached a peak of 36,038 members in 1964. – – -. During the seventeenth and early eighteenth century a high percentage of the educated Catholic people of Europe passed through Jesuit schools.- – -. Today, the Jesuits run about 4,000 schools, including eighteen universities in the United States[ii].

Though the Jesuit society spread rapidly in Italy, Spain, and Portugal, it was slower in gaining strong foothold in France and Germany, but by the latter half of the sixteen century, it was the advance-guard of the Counter-Reformation. Its chief agencies were preaching, the confessional, its excellent schools-not for the multitudes, but for the well-born and well-to-do[iii].

As against his own subjects, Louis XIV`s policy was determined by his conception of national unity and Jesuit influence, especially after his marriage to Madame de Maintenon in 1684; in 1685 he revoked the Edict of Nantes, and made Protestantism illegal under the severest penalties. The ultimate result was disastrous for France. Thousands of its most industrious citizens emigrated to England, Holland, Germany, and America – – -. For France the expulsion of the Huguenots and the triumph of the Jesuits were great misfortunes.

The latter half of the eighteenth century brought to the Jesuits their greatest catastrophe – – -. A large part of the French clergy were also hostile to the Jesuits. In 1764 the Jesuits were suppressed in France. Spain and Naples expelled them in 1767. The rulers of these lands now forced from Pope Clement XIV (1769-1774) the abolition of the order in July, 1773[iv].

The tremendous storm of the French Revolution was about to break and to sweep away the church, with the nobility, the throne, and kindred ancient institutions. The Revolutionary leaders were filled with the rationalistic spirit. They viewed the churches as religious clubs. In 1789 church lands were declared national property. In 1790 the monasteries were abolished.

Then in 1793 came a royalist and Catholic uprising in La Vendee and in retaliation, the Jacobin leaders sought to wipe out Christianity. Hundreds of ecclesiastics were beheaded. After the “terror” was over, in 1795, religious freedom was once proclaimed, through the state, as such, was to be without religion – – -. In 1798 Rome was made a republic by French arms, and Pope Pius VI (1775-1799) carried a prisoner to France, where he died.

The military events of 1800 led to the election of Pius VII (1800-1823) and the restoration of the states of the Church. Napoleon, on attaining power, though himself without religious feeling, recognized that a majority of the French people were Roman Catholic, and that the church might be used by him. The result was the Concordat with the papacy in 1801 and the Organic Articles of 1802.

Napoleon

Napoleon, crowned Emperor by the pope in 1804, soon quarreled with Pius VII, annexed the States of the Church in 1809, and held the pope a prisoner from that time till 1814 – – -. Napoleon´s downfall in 1815 was followed by universal reaction – – -. The papacy profited by all these impulses and soon developed a strength greater that it had shown for a hundred years. A characteristic evidence of this new position of the papacy was restoration, by Pius VII, in August, 1814, of the Jesuits, who speedily regained their old ascendancy in papal counsels[v].

If you look in Dan 11:40 www.ayin.dk under the heading “Who are the Jesuits?” You will find a modern update explanation that fits in our day and age. We find that the Jesuits are not a fictitious group of people named under a conspiracy theory like many advocate. They are the backbone of the Roman Catholic Church and they answer only to the Black Pope and him alone, who has the highest authority in the church.

Rev 13:2. The dragon gave him his power, his throne, and great authority.

Who does the dragon represent in Rev 13:2?

Rev 12:17 The dragon was enraged with the woman and he went to make war with rest of her offspring, who keep the commandments of God and have the testimony of Jesus Christ.

Rev 12:3. And another sign appeared in heaven, behold a great fiery red dragon having seven heads and ten horns and seven crowns on his heads.

Rev 12:4. His tail drew a third of the stars of heaven and threw them to the earth. And the dragon stood before the woman who was ready to give birth, to devour her child as soon as it was born.    (Refers to Satan who led king Herod to kill all the infants in Bethlehem in an attempt to kill the child Jesus Christ. Math 2:16-18).

Rev 12:5. She bore a child. (Refers to the child Christ).

Rev 12:6. The woman (the protestant church) fled into the wilderness for 1,260 days. Rev 12:13.14. The dragon persecuted the woman who gave birth to the male child. But the woman was given two wings of a great eagle, that she might fly into the wilderness to her place, where she is nourished for e time and times and half a time, from the presence of the serpent.

Rev 12:7. And war broke out in heaven: Michael and his angels fought with the dragon; and the dragon and his angels fought. (Michael is another name for Christ, and the dragon is Satan).

Rev 12:9. So the great dragon was cast out, that serpent of old, called the Devil and Satan who deceives the whole world; he was cast to the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.

Rev 13:3.4. And all the world marveled and followed the beast. So they worshipped the dragon who gave authority to the beast, (in Rev 13:1.2.)

Rev 13:11. The beast (USA) he had two horns like a lamb and spoke like a dragon (Satan).

Rev 16:13. And I saw three unclean spirits like frogs coming out of the mouth of the dragon, out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet.

Conclusion

The dragon in prophetic writings is without a doubt the Devil or Satan working through political and religious institutions. The scarlet beast is Satan. Satan comes out of the bottomless pit. Satan worked through the papacy and the leaders of the French revolution to destroy the Bible and all true Christians in France. Satan is bound for 1,000 years on this earth after Christ´s second coming. The beast in Rev 13:3.8. and the Dragon in Rev 12:3. Are related to one another through the seven heads and the ten horns. Satan himself is the beast in Rev 17:3. Satan is related to the beast in Rev 13:1. and the beast in Rev 13:11. Satan himself is the beast in Rev 17:3.8. Satan is the Dragon in Rev 12:3.9.

Who gave the sea beast in Rev 13:1 his power, his thrown and great authority? The Bible says it is the Devil or Satan who is behind this religious world empire. And he is using this church to deceive the whole world by going against the Holy Bible, the word of God.

Who does the wounded head represent in this text?

Rev 13:3. And I saw one of his heads as if it had been mortally wounded, and his deadly wound was healed. And all the world marveled and followed the beast.

The head is not the beast and the beast is not the head in this text. The head is part of the seven heads coming from the beast. The seven heads are representing the seven heads of the largest churches in the world as mentioned in Rev 13:1. This head, which was mortally wounded, is the papacy, the spiritual head of the Roman Catholic church.

When was this papal head mortally wounded?

Pope Pius VI

In 1798, Rome was made a republic by the French. On the 15 Feb, 1798, General Bertier at the head of the French army, entered Rome, declared the political rule of the papacy at an end, and took Pope Pius VI (1775-1799) a prisoner to France, where he soon died in July, 1799. Furthermore, Napoleon realizing that the majority of the French people were Roman Catholics, thought that he could use the church for his political policies, made use of a Concordat between him and the papacy. However, Napoleon crowned Emperor by the pope in 1804, soon quarreled with Pius VII, annexed the States of the Church in 1809, and held the pope a prisoner from that time till 1814 – – -. Napoleon´s downfall in 1815 was followed by universal reaction – – -. The papacy profited by all these impulses and soon developed a strength greater that it had shown for a hundred years. A characteristic evidence of this new position of the papacy was restoration, by Pius VII, in August, 1814; of the Jesuits, who speedily regained their old ascendancy in papal counsels.

“A significant event occurred in 1929 when the Lateran Treaty restored temporal power to the pope, who was given the rule of the Vatican City, a section of the city of Rome about 108.7 acres in extent.[vi]” So the papacy, was mortally wounded by Napoleon, but this wound was healed over time and the papacy gained strength with the help of the Jesuits.

And the whole world marveled and followed the beast.

We must remember that the head is not the beast and the beast is not the head. The papacy is not the Roman Catholic Church, it is part of a system governing the Roman Catholic Church. So, when the whole world marveled and followed the beast, we are talking about the Roman Catholic Church system as a whole. This part of the Bible prophecy is to be fulfilled in the future, because the whole world does not follow the beast as of yet.

Rev 13:4. So they worshiped the dragon who gave authority to the beast; and they worshiped the beast, saying, “Who is like the beast? Who is able to make war with him?”

The dragon is Satan who gave authority to the beast who is the Roman Catholic Church system. Many peoples of the world will come to worship and be members of the Roman Catholic Church in the future because of the following events in this chapter. Who is able to make war with him? Describes how it is impossible to make war with the most largest, religious, financial and political institution in the world. No nation will even try to make war with the Roman Catholic Church system.

No nation will even try to make war with the Roman Catholic Church system.

Rev 13:5. And he was given a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies, and he was given authority to continue for forty-two months.

This verse gives us the exact proof of that the beast is referring to the Roman Catholic Church system by comparing the prophecies of the book of Daniel with the book of Revelation. In Daniel 7:25 it says: He shall speak pompous words against the Most High, shall persecute the saints of the Most High, and shall intend to change times and law. Then the saints shall be given into his hand for a time and times and half a time.

What does it mean when the pope speaks blasphemies in this text?

From our word study in the Bible, we came to a conclusion, that blasphemy means the following: Speak impiously of God. Against the Holy Spirit. Curse the name of God. Power to forgive sins. Breaking the law. Rejecting faith and a good conscience. Honor a slaves master and Gods doctrine of godliness. Word of God. Denying the name of Jesus Christ. Claiming to be the Son of God. The tabernacle of God and those who dwell in heaven. The beast from the sea who ruled for 1,260 years during the Middle Ages. Opposing the Bible, the gospel and God. Jews say they keep the commandments of God put practice the opposite in their lives. Rejecting faith and a good conscience. Christians say they are believers but practice otherwise in their lives. Negative words against Moses and God. Sin is related to blasphemy. Persecuting Christ and his followers. Words and a form of godliness but denying its power. Contradicting Gods words. Denying Christ. Refusing to keep the law of God. Refusing to keep the Ten Commandments. Excuse not to believe in God. Lies in Gods name. Making oneself God. False Christians believers. The power to forgive sins is belongs to God only. Say they are believers but are not.

Rev 13:6. Then he opened his mouth in blasphemy against God, to blaspheme his name, his tabernacle, and those who dwell in heaven.

How does the papacy blaspheme God, his name, his tabernacle and those who dwell in heaven?

How does the papacy blaspheme God? In the book Daniel A Readers Guide, it says “(The Bishop of Rome) took the title, “Vicar of the Son of God,” meaning that he stood in place of the Son of God to represent Him here on earth. Compare also the title of “holy father” with Jesus’ comments about the use of that title in a religious setting in Matthew 23:9. Note too, Jesus´claim to be God and have the power to forgive sins, was blasphemy in the eyes of the Jews. (see Matthew 9:2-6).[vii]

How does the papacy blaspheme Gods’ tabernacle? 2 Thess 2:3.4. Let no one deceive you by any means; for that day will not come unless the falling away comes first, and the man of sin is revealed, the son of perdition, who opposes and exalts himself above all that is called God or that is worshipped, so that he sits as God in the temple of God, showing himself that he is God.

In the book GC 55, “The accession of the Roman Church to power marked the beginning of the Dark Ages. As her power increased, the darkness deepened. Faith was transferred from Christ, the true foundation, to the pope of Rome. Instead of trusting in the Son of God for forgiveness of sins and for eternal salvation, the people looked to the pope, and to the priests and prelates to whom he delegated authority. They were taught that the pope was their earthly mediator and that none could approach God except through him; and further, that he stood in the place of God to them and was therefore to be implicitly obeyed.”

Forgiveness of sins, was transferred from the tabernacle in heaven Heb 8:1.2. Heb 4:14-16., from Christ as our High Priest, to the pope and his priests on earth. This is blasphemy in the eyes of God and the Bible.

Rev 13:7. It was granted to him to make war with the saints and to overcome them. And authority was given him over every tribe, tongue and nation.

Sct. Bartholomew´s day massacre 24 August, 1572.

The problem with this text is, which period of time are we talking about? The Dark Middle Ages where over 50 million Roman Catholic believers were killed by the papacy or does this refer to a future event as described in Rev 16:12-16 the battle of Armageddon.

In Dan 7:25 It says about the Little Horn (Dan 7:8.24) “He shall speak pompous words against the Most High, shall persecute the saints of the Most High.” The papacy at this point of time during the Dark Middle Ages did not have all authority granted to it. However, in Rev 13:7 the papacy had all the authority and power in the world to administer persecutions against the saints of the Most High. Furthermore, the papacy has authority over every tribe, tongue and nation. This the papacy has never had before. Therefore, it is applying to a future event, when the papacy has control over the whole of the world.

The word granted or given is “edothay” in the Greek. This means that the papacy has not the power to make war with the saints without it being given to him from another authority. The first authority is direct from the dragon or Satan. Rev 13:4. Another authority has to come from the ten horns (political authorities of the world) and from the seven heads (religious authorities of the world) before one goes into the war of Armageddon. So this part of the Bible prophecy is yet in the future. It will be fulfilled in Rev 16:12-16 and Rev 17:9-14.

The New World Order

Rev 13:8. All who dwell on the earth will worship him, whose names have not been written in the Book of Life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.

Here is a Bible prophecy yet to be fulfilled in the future. All will be made, to worship in the Roman Catholic Church worldwide. All those who do not have their names written in the book of Life. How do we get our names written in the book of life? By believing in the Lamb of God, who was slain from the foundation of the world. Who is the Lamb of God? John the Baptist pointed to Jesus when he baptized him at the river Jordan. He said “Behold! The Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!” Joh 1:29. To get our names written in the book of life, we need to believe in Jesus Christ as our own personal savior. Joh 3:16. We need to repent of our sins and be baptized with adult baptism. Acts 2:38. Ask forgiveness of our sins and be born again as new Christians. Joh 3:1-7.This is a personal experience, which can only be achieved through the Holy Spirit. On top of that, we need to practice Christianity by daily keeping all the ten commandments of God and the faith of Jesus. Rev 14:12. 12:17

 

[i] Tim Dowley, Edit., A Lion Handbook–The History of the Christian Church (Herts, England: Lion Publishing, 1977), 411.

[ii] Ibid, 411-13.

[iii] Ibid, 377.

[iv] Ibid, 521.

[v] Williston Walker, A History of the Christian Church (Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1959), 519-522.

[vi] Francis D. Nichol, Edit., The Seventh-day Adventist Bible Commentary, Vol. 7 (Washington D.C.: Review & Herald Pub., 1980), 817.

[vii] William H. Shea, Daniel A Reader´s Guide (Nampa, Idaho: Pacific Press, 2005), 118,

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